The Comprehensive Evaluation of the Development Results (CEDR) of the African Development Bank Group (AfDB, or Bank) aims to provide an independent, credible and evidence-based assessment of development results achieved by the Bank between 2004 and 2013. It seeks to answer three questions: (1) Has the Bank achieved its objectives? (2) Has the Bank proposed results-focused strategies and programs? And, (3) Has the Bank emerged as a valued partner at country level? As well as contributing to accountability, it identifies lessons and makes recommendations to inform the implementation of the Bank’s new strategic priorities, the High 5s. The scope of the evaluation is all Bank interventions (lending and non-lending) that were approved between 2004 and 2013. Since it is impossible to review all interventions exhaustively, the CEDR is based on evaluation studies carried out on a sample size of 14 Country Strategy and Program Evaluations (CSPE). The countries are: Burundi, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Ghana, Morocco, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, and Zambia.